Checking the functionality of an application according to customer requirements. Testing the application with the intension of finding the bugs or defects. Process of matching expected results with actual results.
Testing the application manually in order to find defects without the usage of tools or automation scripting
Whenever there are multiple releases or repetitive or monotonous tasks, with the help of tools
Levels of Testing
What is Manual Testing?
Manual Testing is a process carried out to find the defects. In this method the tester plays an important role as end user and verify all features of the application to ensure that the behavior of the application. The Manual Testing is very basic type of testing which helps to find the bugs in the application under test. It is preliminary testing, must be carried out prior to start automating the test cases and also needs to check the feasibility of automation testing. The Test Plan is created & followed by the tester to ensure that the comprehensiveness of testing while executing the test cases manually without using automation testing tool.
It is not necessary to have knowledge of any testing tool for manual software testing. As the Software testing fundamental always says that “100% Automation is not possible” so the Manual Testing is very important.
Goal of Manual Testing
The main Goal of Manual Testing is to make sure that the application under test is defect free and software application is working as per the requirement specification document.
This type includes the testing of the Software manually i.e. without using any automated tool or any script. In this type, tester takes over the role of end user and test the Software to identify any un-expected behavior or bug. There are different stages for Manual Testing like Unit testing, Integration testing, System testing and User Acceptance testing.
A test plan document is created by test lead which describes the detailed and systematic approach to testing a software application. Basically the test plan typically includes a complete understanding of what the ultimate workflow will be. To ensure the completeness of testing (100% test coverage) test cases or test scenarios are created. Manual Testing Concepts also includes exploratory testing as testers explore the software to identify errors in it
After the testing is started the designed test cases or test scenarios will be executed & any differences between actual & expected results are reported as defects. Once the reported defects are fixed, the testers will retest the defect to make sure that the defects are fixed. The main goal of Software testing is to make software defect free & deliver good quality Product to customer.